Imdadul Haque Talukdar
This paper addresses three areas of interest: how do existing studies define female political participation in the local governance of Bangladesh? What is the availability and quality of these studies: and what are the obstacles to effective female participation? A systematic, search strategy using search keys and boolean operators were used for finding out the studies which met the main questions of the review. A step by step process followed by a specifically defined inclusion-exclusion criteria was used for synthesising the final studies for the review. From a large number of studies, the present review finally included ten studies which were most relevent to the central purpose of the review. The reviewed studies which defined political participation from diverse perspectives have been synthesied here. The quality of the reviewd studies were assessed based on four criteria: study design, sample size, data collection methods, and data analysis. Based on these evaluation criteria, most of the reviewed studies were found to have small sample size, unspecified study design, vague mode of data collection, and superficial data anaylsis. The key barriers to the female political participation were found to be institutional, economic, socio-cultural and psychological in nature.
Keywords: Empowerment, institutional, socio-cultural, economic, psychological