Economic Zones as Key Players in Economic Advancement: the Bangladesh Perspective
Bangladesh is one of the top five growing economies in the world, according to the World Bank. The country is now at a critical economic juncture with many challenges ahead. The double-digit growth rate of Gross Domestic Product, a massive influx of investment and a highly skilled workforce is the key bases to secure ‘Vision 2041’. This study shows how the Economic Zones are contributing to foster economic development in Bangladesh. The background study of the Economic Zones showed that the ‘Bangladesh Economic Zones Authority Act, 2010’ was enacted to make each zone an engine for economic growth. Describing the challenges, the study shows the key dynamic aspects of Economic Zones and the rationale behind why investors and other people are marking them as key role players in the economic advancements of Bangladesh. Economic Zones are contributing to attracting Foreign Direct Investment, local investment and employment to promote the economic growth of the country. The priorities of the investors were sorted out, and some gaps were also detected. Upgrading online servicing in fostering ‘One Stop Service’ and revisiting fiscal rules are the suggestions more from this study.
Keywords: Gross Domestic Product, Foreign Direct Investment, Investment, Employment, Sustainable Development Goal